בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יהוה
Baruch ata Yahuweh,
Blessed are you o Lord

אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם
Eloheinu melech ha-olam,
Our God king of the universe

בּוֹרֵא פְּרִי הַגָּפֶן
borei pri ha-gafen
who creates the fruit of the vine

Kiddush, literally, “sanctification,” is a blessing recited over wine or grape juice to sanctify the Shabbat and Hebrew holidays. Additionally, the word refers to a small repast held on Shabbat or festival mornings after the prayer services and before the meal.
The Torah refers to two requirements concerning Shabbat – to “keep it” and to “remember it” (shamor and zakhor). Hebrew law therefore requires that Shabbat be observed in two respects. One must “keep it” by resting and refraining from work, and one must “remember it” by making special arrangements for the day, and specifically through the kiddush ceremony.

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